おすすめ/RECOMMENDED

三大祭、紅葉、名所などを厳選して記事とビデオでご紹介!
Recommended articles and videos, BAAH!

あ、ポチッとな/CLICK HERE!

Gion Matsuri festival 2020: Kuze Komagata Chigo, the most important figure 久世駒形稚児英語で説明

スポンサーリンク

What is Kuze Komagata Chigo? 久世駒形稚児とは? K

祇園祭神幸祭/GIon matsuri: Mikoshi arrives at Otabisho

Kuze Komagata Chigo is the most important figure in Gion Matsuri festival. On his steed, he participates in Gion Matsuri festival with put a horse head on his chest and leads a Mikoshi when it goes to downtown and comes back to Yasaka shrine. (See around 0:09 in the video.)

His name is divided into three words: “Kuze” is a name of place, “Komagata” is a kind of figurine of horse, and”Chigo” is a child. In the following chapters, I’ll show you what each word mean along with his role in the festival.

スポンサーリンク

With Komagata 駒形, he is considered as the Deity

Kuze is a rural area located it the southern part of Kyoto. Kuze Komagata Chigo came from Ayato Kuninaka shrine which enshrines Suasanoo no Mikoto as Yasaka shrine does.

久世駒形稚児/Kuzekomagatachigo

He has a Komagata, a wooden horse head in his chest. It is a Goshintai of Ayato Kuninaka shrine. Goshintai is an object Shinto Deity descend to. With it, he was considerd as Aramitama of Susanoo no Mikoto.

祇園祭 2016 久世駒形稚児 八坂神社参内

See the video. He is in the area of Yasaka shrine. In Japan, no one, even Emperor, can be in Shinto shrine on horse back. Kuze Komagata Chigo is an exeption because he is Susanoo no Mikoto.

スポンサーリンク

The two aspects of the Deity integrated

Shinto Deity has sometimes two aspects: The tender aspect called “Nigimitama (和魂)” and the rough one called “Aramitama (荒魂).” For example, Nigimitama brings us good harvest and Aramitama brings us disasters. We often see both of them put together to be a supreme state to make important Matsuri complete. For example, in Mikage matsuri, a Matsuri held prior to Aoi Matsuri festival, Aramitama and Nigimitama of Shimogamo shrine are integrated to celebrate Aoi Matsuri festival.

In Gion Matsuri, the same kind of integration is executed. It is said that both of them are merged into the supreme state. (It is very hard to translate the original sentence. It reads「一体にして二神、二神にして一体で神秘の極み」 )

Without Kuze Komagata Chigo, Mikoshis cannot leave Yasaka shrine to Otabisho. Otabisho is located downtown and the Deities of Yasaka shrine stay there about one week to put the Ekishin, the Deities who cause epidemics. (In Japan, we have good and evil Deities.) That is, without him, the aim of Gion Matsuri cannot be acomplished.

On the day of Shinkosai, he left Ayato Kuninaka shrine to Yasaka shrine. Before he reaches Yasaka shrine, he visit Hararyokaku spice shop, a ritual is held and he changes cloth and put the Goshintai on his chest to be Susanoo no Mikoto. This ritual started some 300 years ago.

It is not clear when Kuze Komagata Chigo became an integral person of Gion Matsuri. The Yasaka Jinja Monjo, the document compiled by Yasaka Shrine says that a person in charge of Komagashira (駒頭) have pawned it. Komagashira means “horse head.” It is controversial whether this Koamagashira is the same thing as Komagata Kuze Komagata Chigo has today.

久世駒形稚児久世駒形稚児

These are parts of a picture called Gion-e Atomatsuri  Yamahoko Junkozu Byobu. It describes the Atomatsuri in the 17th century. In the red circle, there is a child who has a horse head in the chest. This picture tells us that there was a Chigo who wore horse head at least about 300 years ago.

スポンサーリンク

When can we see Kuze Komagata Chigo? 久世駒形稚児を拝見する機会

Kuze Komagata Chigo Shasan 13 July 久世駒形稚児社参

久世駒形稚児社参

We have two Kuze Komagata Chigo. The younger one leads Mikoshi in Shinko Sai and the other one leads it in Kanko Sai. Both of them visit Yasaka shrine on the day to pray for Susanoo no Mikoto. They are not on horses because without Komagata, they are still human beings.

14:00~ at Yasaka shrine

Sinko Sai 17 July 神幸祭

久世駒形稚児久世駒形稚児/Kuzekomagatachigo

Three Mikoshis depart Yasaka shrine to Otabisho taking different routes each other. Kuze Komagata Chigo leads Nakagoza Mikoshi.

With Komagata, he is the Deity and he never touches his feet on the ground.

16:00~ at Yasaka shrine

Nakagoza Mikoshi and he leaves Yasaka shrine around 18:00 and arrives at Otabisho around 21:00.

祇園祭神幸祭/GIon matsuri: Mikoshi arrives at Otabisho

In front of Otabisho, you can experience the most exiting moments in Gion Matsuri.

 

Kanko Sai 24 July 還幸祭

Nakagoza Mikoshi and he left Otabisho around 17:00.

久世駒形稚児2016

Around 17:30, they reache a small shrine called Ohmandokoro Otabisho. In ancient times, Otabisho was located here.

After that, they arrive at Shinsen-en temple. This is the place where the first Gion Matsuri was held 1151 years ago.

又旅社

Then thet arrive at Matatabisha shrine around 20:00.

久世駒形稚児還幸祭

In the end, they come back to Yasaka shrine around 22:00.

スポンサーリンク

Ayato Kuninaka shrine 綾戸國中神社

What is Ayato Kuninaka shine? 綾戸國中神社

綾戸國中神社綾戸國中神社

Ayato Kuninaka shrine is located in Minami ward of Kyoto city. Ayato Kuninaka Shrine was fusion of Ayato shrine and Kuninaka shrine. So, we can find name boards of them. It enshrines Susanoo no Mikoto. When he descended there, he made a horse head, i.e. Komagata which Kuze Komagata Chigo wears today.

Access アクセス

About 15 minutes walk from JR Katsuragawa station. The red alien indicates the entrance. Shamusho office is next door to Sugiura farmacy.

About Ayato Kuninaka shrine 綾戸國中神社基本情報

  • Phone: 075-921-3388
    FAX: 075-934-8495
  • Website 綾戸國中神社公式
  • Entrance fee: Free
  • Shamusho Office open hours Week days: 9:00〜17:00 Weekends and holidays: 10:00〜16:00



この記事が気に入ったら
いいね!してね。
Follow me, BAAH!
Don't miss the latest article from Kyoto.
Gion Matsuri Festival
スポンサーリンク
フォローしてね/ Follow me, BAAH!
ヤギの京都観光案内/KYOTO GOAT BLOG
トップへ戻る