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Jidai matsuri festival 2019: Jidai Gyoretsu parade and schedule 時代祭英語で説明

Contents

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What is Jidai matsuri festival?

Overview

Jiday matsuri festival is one of the famous three festival in Kyoto and held on 22th October annually. It started in 1895 as a celebration of an incident took place 1100 years ago: the transferral of the ancient capital from Nara to Kyoto. It is famous for the parade in which over 2,000 participants in the outfits of the ancient times.

The aim of the festival

Heian Jingu shrie holds Jidai matsuri festival. It enshrines two emperors as Deity; emperor Kanmu, who moved to the capital to Kyoto, and emperor Komei, the last empror who spent his life in Kyoto.

The purpose of the festival is to let them see what present-day Kyoto is like as a Shito ritual. So, the Deities make a round trip between Heian Jingu shrine and Kyoto Imperial palace.

Jidai matsuri is famous for its prade. It conststs of 10 units and 8 of them shows us the periods between 794 and 1868. Their outfits are exact replica of each period.

時代祭|京都四大行事|京都観光オフィシャルサイト - 京都観光Navi
京に広がる時代絵巻。時代祭は葵祭、祇園祭とともに京都三大祭の一つとして知られ、国内はもとより海外からの参観者も多く、沿道には豊かな国際色が見受けられます。10月22日(雨天順延)。

Sorry, Japanese language only!

 いちきしま ひめ
 いちきしま ひめ

ATTENTION!

In 2019, we have Jidai matsuri on October 26th due to the enthronement ceremony of the Emperor.

たけちよ
たけちよ

Not the same day as usual year, BAAH!

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Schedule of Jidai matsuri festival

Overview

Jidai matsuri has many shinto rituals. They take place within a week.

October 15  13:00 Jidai matsuri Senjyo sai 時代祭宣状祭

Prior to the parede, it is held for the success of it at Heian Jingu shrine.

October 15  10:00 Jidai matsuri zenjitsu sai 時代祭前日祭

The eve of the festival is celebrated.

October 22   26th7:00   Jidai matsuri festival 時代祭当日

A ritulal is held at Heian Jingu shrine and the festival is started.

October 22 26th8:00 Shinko sai  神幸祭

神幸列

Priests move the spirit of emperor Kanmu and Komei to palanquins called Gohoren (御鳳輦). These Gohoren depart Heian Jingu shrien to Kyoto Imperial palace.

October 22  26th 12:00 The parade departs 出発

The parade leaves Kyoto Imperial palace to Heian Jingu shrine.

October 22  26th 16:00 Daigokuden sai and Kanko sai 大極殿祭並還幸祭

The parade comes back to Heian Jingu shrien and the spirits of two emperos return to the shrine.

*Not open to public

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Jidai Gyoretsu parade

Overview

The parade of Jidai matsuri festival is called Jidai Gyoretsu. It goes on in anti-chronicle order. In this artilcle, we see it in chronicle order to understand Japanse history with ease.

Each unit of the parade stands for a period in Japanese history. The garments and equipments are made in exactly the same way in the period they belong to. The price tag of some of them are over 1 bilion yen. Some of the women in the parede are Maiko/Geiko.

Shiko retsu 神幸列

Gohoren 御鳳輦

時代祭2016 神幸列 鳳輦 鳳凰

The spirit of the emperors are in Gohoren. Gohoren is a special carry for the emperor. On top of it, there is a figurine of Ho-oh, the Japanese phoenix.

時代祭錦蓋

This is a Kingai, a shade for the emperor. He walks under it.

Shirakawame 白川女献花列

時代祭2016 白川女献花列

They brought flowers to the Imperial Palace from the foot of Mt. Hiei.

Zen retsu前列

Overview

時代祭前列

They leads Shinko retsu playing Japansed traditional music named Gagaku.

Sakaki 御賢木

時代祭2016 神幸列 御賢木

Sakaki is scred plant in the Shinto.

Kabin Ryoga 迦陵頻伽

迦陵頻伽迦陵頻伽

The boy is a dancer. Kabin Ryoga is a imaginary bird living in Gokuraku jodo, a kind of heaven. If you are interested in Gokuraku jodo, see the link below.

BYODO-IN temple in Kyoto 平等院; its history and architecture of phoenix hall
Byodo-in temple has a long history and outstanding artifacts. A goat Kyotoite gives you the most precise information on them.
Kocho 胡蝶

胡蝶胡蝶

Kocho means betterfly. He also is a dancer performing Kocho no mai dance.

The chapter “The Butterflies” in The Tale of Genji is named after the dance.

Sinsen Kosha retsu 神饌講社列

時代祭神饌講社列

Shisen is a meal prapare for Deity. It is brought in a small box named Shinsen Karabitsu(神饌唐櫃).



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