- What is Jidai matsuri festival?
- Schedule of Jidai matsuri festival
- Jidai Gyoretsu parade
What is Jidai matsuri festival?
Jiday matsuri festival is one of the famous three festival in Kyoto and held on 22th October annually. It started in 1895 as a celebration of an incident took place 1100 years ago: the transferral of the ancient capital from Nara to Kyoto. It is famous for the parade in which over 2,000 participants in the outfits of the ancient times.
The aim of the festival
Heian Jingu shrie holds Jidai matsuri festival. It enshrines two emperors as Deity; emperor Kanmu, who moved to the capital to Kyoto, and emperor Komei, the last empror who spent his life in Kyoto.
The purpose of the festival is to let them see what present-day Kyoto is like as a Shito ritual. So, the Deities make a round trip between Heian Jingu shrine and Kyoto Imperial palace.
Jidai matsuri is famous for its prade. It conststs of 10 units and 8 of them shows us the periods between 794 and 1868. Their outfits are exact replica of each period.
Sorry, Japanese language only!
In 2019, we have Jidai matsuri on October 26th due to the enthronement ceremony of the Emperor.
Not the same day as usual year, BAAH!
Schedule of Jidai matsuri festival
Jidai matsuri has many shinto rituals. They take place within a week.
October 15 13：00 Jidai matsuri Senjyo sai 時代祭宣状祭
Prior to the parede, it is held for the success of it at Heian Jingu shrine.
October 15 10：00 Jidai matsuri zenjitsu sai 時代祭前日祭
The eve of the festival is celebrated.
October 22 26th 7：00 Jidai matsuri festival 時代祭当日
A ritulal is held at Heian Jingu shrine and the festival is started.
October 22 26th 8：00 Shinko sai 神幸祭
Priests move the spirit of emperor Kanmu and Komei to palanquins called Gohoren (御鳳輦). These Gohoren depart Heian Jingu shrien to Kyoto Imperial palace.
October 22 26th 12：00 The parade departs 出発
The parade leaves Kyoto Imperial palace to Heian Jingu shrine.
October 22 26th 16：00 Daigokuden sai and Kanko sai 大極殿祭並還幸祭
The parade comes back to Heian Jingu shrien and the spirits of two emperos return to the shrine.
*Not open to public
Jidai Gyoretsu parade
The parade of Jidai matsuri festival is called Jidai Gyoretsu. It goes on in anti-chronicle order. In this artilcle, we see it in chronicle order to understand Japanse history with ease.
Each unit of the parade stands for a period in Japanese history. The garments and equipments are made in exactly the same way in the period they belong to. The price tag of some of them are over 1 bilion yen. Some of the women in the parede are Maiko/Geiko.
Shiko retsu 神幸列
The spirit of the emperors are in Gohoren. Gohoren is a special carry for the emperor. On top of it, there is a figurine of Ho-oh, the Japanese phoenix.
This is a Kingai, a shade for the emperor. He walks under it.
They brought flowers to the Imperial Palace from the foot of Mt. Hiei.
They leads Shinko retsu playing Japansed traditional music named Gagaku.
Sakaki is scred plant in the Shinto.
Kabin Ryoga 迦陵頻伽
The boy is a dancer. Kabin Ryoga is a imaginary bird living in Gokuraku jodo, a kind of heaven. If you are interested in Gokuraku jodo, see the link below.
Kocho means betterfly. He also is a dancer performing Kocho no mai dance.
The chapter “The Butterflies” in The Tale of Genji is named after the dance.
Sinsen Kosha retsu 神饌講社列
Shisen is a meal prapare for Deity. It is brought in a small box named Shinsen Karabitsu(神饌唐櫃).