- 1Chinowa Kuguri at Yasaka shrine
- 1.1How to walk through "Chinowa" 茅の輪
- 1.2A piece of paper called "Hitogata" 人形
- 2Nagoshino harae, Tinowa kuguri, and Hitogata 夏越の祓、茅の輪、並びに人形
- 2.1What is Nagoshi no harae? 夏越の祓
- 2.2Whati is Chinowa? 茅の輪
- 2.2.1Nagoshi sai and Chinowa at Yasaka shrine 八坂神社の夏越祭と茅の輪
- 2.3What is "Hitogata"? 人形
- 3June in Kyoto
- 3.1Minatsuki, the wagashi of June 水無月
Chinowa Kuguri at Yasaka shrine
In the last week of June, we find huge wreath at many Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples. Yasaka shrine is no exemption. The wreath is called Chinowa. Kyotoites love to walk through it on 30th June. Walking through Chinowa is called “Chinowa kuguri.”
After Chinowa kuguri, we write down our names on a human-shaped pieces of paper and give them to the shrine and priest throw them to Kamo river.
Why? Let us make a small inspection.
How to walk through “Chinowa” 茅の輪
Chinowa is located at Torii gate or in front of main hall of shrine. At Yasaka shrine, we can find it the West area of the shirne in the last week of June and it is moved in front of the main hall on 30th June. (Actually, there is the Buden, the building that has many paper lanterns between the Chinowa and the main hall.)
We pass through the Chinowa in the way the red arrow indicates in the photo.
We pass through it three times. Every time we stand in front of it, we bow.
The first time, we say “水無月の 夏越の祓する人は 千歳のいのちのぶというなり, or Minatsuki no Nahoshinoharae suru hito wa chitose no inoti nobuto iunari.” It means “People who did Nagoshino harae (A ritual. We discuss about it later.) gain 1000 years of life.”
The second time, “思うこと みなつきねとて 麻の葉を きりにきりにきりても 祓いつるかな, or Omoukoto minatsukinetote asanohawo kirini kiritemo harai tsurukana.” This is poem composed by a famous poet named Izumi Shikibu in the heian period.It means “GO AWAY the things bother me!” (It is hard to translate it because it needs some knowledge on the ancient Japanese language and the common sense at the time.)
The third time, “蘇民将来。蘇民将来, or Somin Shorai, Somin Shorai!” Somin Shorai is a name of a man. We discuss about him later.
A piece of paper called “Hitogata” 人形
A piece of paper cut off in a human shape. It is called “Hitogata.”
We rub ourselves with Hitogata.
And we breath on it.
We do these things for the purpose of putting evil things inside of us on it.
After that, we throw it to a stream on behalf of us. (The ladies in the photo are on a bridge with a roof.) The photo is of a ritual. We do not throw it to a river. Priests and monks do on behalf of us.
If you are interested in Hitogata, check the video. It was a ritual called “Saioh dai gokei no gi,” a ritual held prior to Aoi matsuri festival.
Nagoshino harae, Tinowa kuguri, and Hitogata 夏越の祓、茅の輪、並びに人形
What is Nagoshi no harae? 夏越の祓
All through the archipelago, Nagoshi no harae(s) take place in Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples on 30th June. We believe we have many evil things called “Kegare” inside of us in a half year. Kegare originally means an anemic state of mind the Shinto detest. At Nagoshi sai in June, we get rid of them and prepare for the rest of the year.
Whati is Chinowa? 茅の輪
Today, many Shinto shrines and Buddhist temple have Chinowa. This custom depends on the anecdote of “Somin Shorai.”
Once upon a time, Susanoo no mikoto (He is a Deity enshrined in Yasaka shrine.) asked for a bed to Kotan Shorai on his odyssey. Kotan denied it though he was a prosperous man. On the other hand, his brother Somin Shorai accept him though he suffered in poverty.
The next day, Susanoo no mikoto revealed he was a Deity. He said “You and your descendants wear “Chinowa” ring. I WILL save you and them from any maladies.”
The Chinowa was enlarged to the big Chinowa we can find in shrines and temples today.
The Chinowa ring in the photo is an amulet we can get in the Gion matsrui period (July) at Yasaka shrine.
This is a Chinowa of Yasaka shrine. It appears in the last week of June.
Some shrines and temples has it at the main gate. The gate in the photo is Otenmon gate in Heian Jingu shrine.
Nagoshi sai and Chinowa at Yasaka shrine 八坂神社の夏越祭と茅の輪
On 31th July, Nagoshi sai takes place at Eki jinjya shrine, a sub-shrine of Yaska Shrine and we can find Chinowa again there. Nagoshi sai is the last ritual held in Gion matsuri festival. We walk through Chinowa just one time and have Chigaya plant. We put together the plants and make a ring. We can have it as an amulet.
What is “Hitogata”? 人形
Hitogata is a kind of Katashiro, a substitute. In Onmyodo, the ancient Japanese philosphy, we put evil things on a something human-shaped. They are on behalf of them. For example, We put evil things in young ladies on dalls and trow them in to river in Hinamatsuri festival.
June in Kyoto
Minatsuki, the wagashi of June 水無月
In the ancient times, June is called “Minatsuki” and the imperial court gave ice they preserved to common people in June.
Today, we have wagashi named Minatsuki instead of ice. Take a look at the picture above. Azuki are on the green and white Uiro. Uiro is a cake made of rice flour and sugar. The green one is made with macha powder. Uiro means ice. Azuki is believed that it keeps us from bad luck.