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Gion matsuri festival in Kyoto 2022: Let us enjoy Mikoshis, Yamahoko floats, and Yoiyamas!!! 祇園祭2022英語で説明

  1. Schedule of Gion matsuri festival
    1. Nagoshi no harae (夏越の祓), 30th June
      1. Chinowa Kuguri
      2. Minatsuki (水無月)
    2. The parade of commemorating the new Imperial era and 1150th anniversarry of Gion matsuri.
    3. Kipu-iri 吉符入, 1st July
    4. Naginataboko cho Osendo 長刀鉾町お千度, 1st of July
    5. Decision of the order of Yamahoko parade, 2nd July
      1. The order of 2022
    6. Yamanoko Rengokai visit Yasaka shrine 山鉾連合会社参 2nd of July
    7. Funeboko cho Shinmen Aratame 船鉾町神面改め 2nd of July
    8. The Chigomai performance of Naginataboko 長刀鉾町稚児舞披露 5th July
    9. Chigo of Ayagasaboko visit Yasaka shrine 綾傘鉾稚児社参 7th July
    10. Gion Sagimai dance performance 津和野に継承された祇園祭鷺舞神事の里帰りご奉納 6th and 7th of July
    11. Naginataboko Heisokukiri 長刀鉾幣切 10th July
    12. Nabibnatabokocho Haitai no Gi 長刀鉾町拝戴の儀 10the July
    13. Takahashi cho Shasan 高橋町社参 10th July
    14. Building Yamahokos, (鉾建て)10th July
      1. The construction of Hoko
    15. Purification of water for rituals (神用水清祓式), 10th July
    16. Reception with paper lantern (お迎え提灯), 10th July
      1. General info.
      2. Umaosa 馬長
      3. Sagimai dance performance 鷺舞(さぎまい)/鷺踊
    17. Purification of portable shrine (神輿洗式), 10th July
    18. Building Yamahokos, (鉾建て) 11th July
    19. Hikizome, (曳初め) 12th July
    20. Iki-Chigos of Nginata boko pay a visit to Yasaka shrine. 13th July
    21. Kuze Komagata chigos pay a visit to Yasaka shrine. (久世駒形稚児社参) 13th July
    22.  Kikusuiboko Chakai 菊水鉾茶会 13th~16th
スポンサーリンク

Schedule of Gion matsuri festival

Nagoshi no harae (夏越の祓), 30th June

Chinowa Kuguri

八坂神社の茅の輪

Before Gion matsuri, we have “Nagoshi no harae (夏越の祓)” on 30th of June. It based on a ritual of imperial court held in June and November. We pass through a big wreath of “Chigaya” and let it take away anything evil within us.

Minatsuki (水無月)

Strongly recommended!

みな月

We eat “Minatsuki”, a Wagshi (Japanese traditinal confectionary) on 30th June. Many Wagashi parlor sell it only in June or July but we can have it at Fukueido 365 days a year.

祇園の月

I also recommend this “Dango” called “Gion no tsuki (The moon in Gion)” to you. You also have it there.

The parade of commemorating the new Imperial era and 1150th anniversarry of Gion matsuri.

As indicated before, 2019 marked 1st year of Reiwa, the new Japanese Imperial era and the 1150th anniversarry of Gion matsuri. The parade depart Yasaka shrine heading for the center of Kyoto city and Otabisho, where three Deities and Mikoshi stay.

シカさん
シカさん

Only in 2019!

Kipu-iri 吉符入, 1st July

吉符

In Kaisyo, the headquarters of Yamahoko, Goshintai is prepared. Goshintai is an object to which Shinto Kami (a kind of God) descends. Every Yamahoko has Goshintai.

If a Yamahoko has Ohayasi, the Japanese traditional orchestra played in matsuri, the players start to practice it. (See video.This is the Ohayashi of Ofuna-hoko)

Naginataboko cho Osendo 長刀鉾町お千度, 1st of July

Osendo means “To visit shrine or themple and pray a thousand times.” On the day, Ikichigo and other people of Naginataboko vist Yasaka shrine and pray for a success of Gion matsuri. They pray in front of and at the back of the shrine marching around three times. In this way of pray is considered as a thousand times pray.

Decision of the order of Yamahoko parade, 2nd July

At 10:00 Kyoto Municipal office

六角堂のへそ石

Lottery decides the order of Yamaboko parade.

After Onin no Ran, the largest civil war in Japanese history devasted our country including Gion matsuri. Kyotoites have no idea how to decide to an order of the parade.

The custom started in 1500 to avoid conflict on the order of it.

It started at Rokkakudo temple because it worked as Kaisyo, a place people in neiborhood to gather to decide something.

The order of 2022

Sakimatsuri (前祭)
1くじ取らず(FIXED)長刀鉾(Naginata Hoko
2山壱番(Yama 1st)孟宗山(Moso Yama)
3山弐番(Yama 12nd)保昌山(Hosho Yama)
4山参番(Yama 3rd)郭巨山(Kakkyo Yama)
5くじ取らず(FIXED)函谷鉾(Kanko Hoko)
6山四番(Yama 4th)白楽天山(Hakurakuten Yama)
7傘壱番(kasa 1st)四条傘鉾(Sijo Kasahoko)
8山五番(Yama 5th)油天神山(Abura Tenjin Yama)
9鉾壱番(Hoko 2nd)月鉾(Tsuki Hoko)
10山六番(Yama 6th)蟷螂山(Toro Yama)
11山七番(Yama 7th)山伏山(Yamabushi Yama)
12山八番(Yama 8th)霰天神山(Araretenjin Yama)
13鉾弐番(Hoko 2nd)鶏鉾(Niwatori Hoko)
14山九番(Yama 9th)木賊山(Tokusa Yama)
15傘弐番(Kasa 2nd)綾傘鉾(Ayagasa Hoko)
16山拾番(Yama 10th)占出山(Urade Yama)
17鉾参番(Hoko 3rd)菊水鉾(Kikusui Hoko)
18山拾一番(Yama 11th)芦刈山(Ashikari Yama)
19山拾弐番(Yama 12th)伯牙山(Hakuga Yama)
20山拾参番(Yama 13th)太子山(Taishi Yama)
21くじ取らず(FIXED)放下鉾(Hoka Hoko)
22くじ取らず(FIXED)岩戸山(Iwato Yama)
23くじ取らず(FIXED)船鉾(Fune Hoko)
Atomatsuri (後祭)
1くじ取らず(FIXED)橋弁慶山(Hashibenkei Yama)
2くじ取らず(FIXED)北観音山(Kita Kannnon Yama)
3山壱番(Yama 1st)浄妙山(Jyomyo Yama)
4山弐番(Yama 12nd)鯉山(Koi Yama)
5山参番(Yama 3rd)鈴鹿山(Suzuka Yama)
6くじ取らず(FIXED)南観音山(Minami Kannon Yama)
7山四番(Yama 4th)役行者山(En no Gyojya Yama)
8山五番(Yama 5th)黒主山(Kuronushi Yama)
9山六番(Yama 6th)八幡山(Hachiman Yama)
10くじ取らず(FIXED)鷹山(Taka Yama)
11くじ取らず(FIXED)大船鉾(Ohfune Hoko)
たけちよ
たけちよ

Takayama is to be back to the parade for the first time in 196

years!

Yamanoko Rengokai visit Yasaka shrine 山鉾連合会社参 2nd of July

The delegates of eacn Yamaboko visit Yasaka shrine and pray for a success of Gion matsuri,

11:30~ at Yasaka shrine.

Funeboko cho Shinmen Aratame 船鉾町神面改め 2nd of July

Goshintai is object  to which Deity descend. Funaboko has four Goshintai statue. One of them is that of Empress Jingu.

She head for a battle field though she was pregnant. For the purpose of making a birth of her son late, she wapper her belly with cold stones in Sarashi towel. After a triamph, she gave birth to Hondawake no Mikoto, also known as Emperor Ojin.

On this episode, she has Goriyaku, a sacred power, for easy delivery. The statue has two masks. One is the authentic one which carried by a member of Ofuneboko, and the other is a replica the statue wears.

The authentic one is brought to the Imperial court to make birth of Emperor success.

The last time was some 170 years ago. It helped a birth of Emperor Meiji.

 

The Chigomai performance of Naginataboko 長刀鉾町稚児舞披露 5th July

Ikichigo of Naginataboko of the year appears in public and performs “Chigomai” dance at Kaisho. The footage is Chigomai in Yamanboko parade.

15:30~ Naginataboko Kaisho

Chigo of Ayagasaboko visit Yasaka shrine 綾傘鉾稚児社参 7th July

Chigo (means children in old Japanese language) of Ayakasaboko visit Yasaka shrine to pray a success of Gion matsuri. They walk with Ayakasanoko in the Ymaboko parade.

14:30~ at Yasaka shrine.

Gion Sagimai dance performance 津和野に継承された祇園祭鷺舞神事の里帰りご奉納 6th and 7th of July

In ancient times, Za, a kind of guild in Japan, served Yamaboko for Gion matsuri. One of them is called “Kasasagiboko (Yamaboko of heron).” It is believed that this Sagimai dance was belonged to the Yamaboko. It was ceased to exist in Gion matsuri due to Onin no Ran.

Fortunately, Gion-sha of Yamaguchi prefecture inheritated the dance bifore its extinction.

And Yasaka shrine of Tsuwano, Shimane prefecture learned it from Gion-sha.

The team of Sagimai in Shimane came to all the way to Kyoto to perform the dance to commemorate of the new Imperial era and the 1150th anniversary of Gion matsuri.

やぎももさん
やぎももさん

An artist developed Sagi mai into Sagi Odori dance in Omukae Chochin.

6th July: 15:00 and 16:00 at Yasaka shrine.

6th July: 11:00 and 12:00 at Yasaka shrine.

シカさん
シカさん

2019 only!

Naginataboko Heisokukiri 長刀鉾幣切 10th July

御幣

Priests of Yasaka shrine visit Naginataboko Kaisho and make Heisoku.

Heisoku is a peace of paper hanging on something sacred. The Heisoku in the photo is Ohei. (Not the ones of Naginataboko)

Nabibnatabokocho Haitai no Gi 長刀鉾町拝戴の儀 10the July

長刀鉾の長刀

Naginataboko has Naginata, a kind of long sword, on its roof. The one in the photo is an authentic Naginata of Naginatabako. The one on the roof is an exact replica made of bamboo.

On the day, a man rubs backs of important members of Naginataboko with the authentic one to get rid of anything evil in them.

長刀鉾レプリカ

七里ヶ浜親方
七里ヶ浜親方

Last year, we can have a replica of the replica.

Takahashi cho Shasan 高橋町社参 10th July

長刀鉾生稚児

In Yamaboko parade, Ikichigo of Naginata boko cut off a rope makes “Kekkai” border with sword. Keikkai is an eclosed area separated form secular world.

Residents of Takahashicho visit Yasaka shrine to pray for a success of making the border.

Building Yamahokos, (鉾建て)10th July

Strongly recommended

The construction of Hoko

鉾建て 長刀鉾祇園祭 鉾建て

They start to built Yamahokos of Sakimatsuri. The construction of Yamahokos are very simple. Builders put wooden pillars together with only ropes.This art is called nawagarami (縄絡み). NO nails are allowed. Only ropes are available.

鶏鉾の部品鶏鉾の部品

These are parts of Niwatorihoko. Take a look at black wooden blocks. Red Kanjis are written on them. The Kanjis indicates where each blocks ought to be. These blocks make diagrams for construction. For example, the Kanjis on the block in the bottom of the picture indicate “On the north side of the east face (of Yamahoko), 6.”

鶏鉾の倉庫

The parts of Yamohoko are in the warehouse near the headquarters.

鶏鉾の鉾建て鶏鉾の鉾建て

長刀鉾の荒縄

The construction workers building the Niwatori-hoko with ropes and wedges.

菊水鉾construction of hoko

These are the pictures of Kikusui hoko. Hoko has long horn called “Shingi (真木)”. The white line in the second picture stands for it. It is so long and heavy that hoko has pillars called “Kamuro bashira” (禿柱, in red line in the picture) which hold Shingi.

北観音山

On the other hand, some Yamas don’t have the Kamuro bashira. Kita kannnon yama resembles in appearance, but different in construction.

The ill-balanced construction make hokos swing when they march.

The following are the dates each Yamahoko-building starts

  • 10th~12th: Naginata-hoko, Kanko-hoko, Tsuki-hoko, Niwator-hoko, and Kikusui-hoko
  • 11th~13th: Hoka-hoko and Fune-hok

Purification of water for rituals (神用水清祓式), 10th July

神用水清祓式2016神用水清祓式2016

Shinto priests of Yasaka shrine head for the river Kamo by way of Chugenji temple. On the Shijo bridge, they draw the water with traditional buckets. The water is called Shinyo-sui (Water for Kami) . Priests bring the water to the altar on the river bank and purify it with their prayers. In the evening, portable shrine is purified with it.

神用水清祓式2016神用水清祓式2016

神用水清祓式2016神用水清祓式2016

Shinto priests purify water to wash a Mikoshi. They draw water with bucket on the Shijo bridge. The water was put into small wooden tubs and the priests take anything evil from the water.

Reception with paper lantern (お迎え提灯), 10th July

General info.

お迎え提灯

About 350 persons march around the area of ancient Kyoto city and prepare for the portable shrines.

Umaosa 馬長

馬長馬長

In ancient times, emprors and aristcrats enjoyed to see Gion Goryo-e with Umaosa.

Umaosa is a child on horse back. Before Yamaboko was invented, it is the most popular thing in Gion matsuri.

Sagimai dance performance 鷺舞(さぎまい)/鷺踊

As described before, an artist give birth to Sagimai as a developed form of Sagi Odori.

Purification of portable shrine (神輿洗式), 10th July

In 2022, Mikoshi Araishiki was held at Yasaka Shrine.

神輿洗式神輿洗式

Mikoshi, a portable shrine heads for the Shijo bridge. Gion matsuri festival has 3 mikoshis and one of them, “Nakagoza” is purified on the Shijo bridge. It is purified there with the water the priests draw in the morning. After the torches, the portable shrine moves toward the bridge.

神輿洗式の松明

First of all, huge torches depart from Yasaka shrine. They make their way to Shijo bridge purifying the road where the portable shrine goes.

八坂神社の白朮祭

These torches are lit up with Okerabi (朮火). Okerabi is fire and is made on 28th of December every year at Yasaka shrine. The fire is kept burning in main hall of the shrine and used in many rituals.

Okeramairi 2021 and Okerabi 2020of Yasaka shrine, Kyoto
On December 31st and January 1st, people have Okerabi at Yasaka shrine. Let us learn its history and the way to enjoy them!

神輿洗式の松明の炭

You may see the charcoal dropping from torches on the road. It saves you from bad luck.

神輿洗式

The portable shrine was purified with the water on the bridge. Mikoshi is decorated with many ornaments but “Nakagoza” on this occasion doesn’t have them. It is very rare to see “raw” mikoshi.

神輿洗式

After the purification, Nakagoza goes back to Yasaka shrine.

祇園祭の神輿祇園祭の神輿

東御座西御座

西御座祇園祭の神輿

On the return to the shrine, Nakagoza was ornamented right now. We can see fully dressed Mikoshis at Yasaka shrine for a week.

Building Yamahokos, (鉾建て) 11th July

Building of Yama floats starts.

  • 11~13th: Iwato Yama
  • 12th: Hosyo Yama
  • 13th: Urade Yama, Yamabushi Yama, Araretenjin Yama, Kakkyo Yama, Ashikari Yama, Aburetenjin Yama, Tokusa Yama, Taishi Yama, Hakurakuten Yama, Ayagasa Hoko, and Toro Yama.
  • 14th: Moso Yama and Shijo Kasahoko

Hikizome, (曳初め) 12th July

After the Yamahoko-building, they have test-runs. On this occasion, anyone can trail Yamohokos. (I trailed Kikusui-hoko and Naginata-hoko actually!)

Iki-Chigos of Nginata boko pay a visit to Yasaka shrine. 13th July

長刀鉾稚児社参

Iki-Chigo (生稚児) is a boy considered and treated as a messenger of Kami (The center of the boys in the picture above.The boys of the both sides are kamuros.) He ride on the Naginatahoko on the day of Yamaboko float parade. On the day, there is a rope which divides sacred and secular world. He cut off the rope and the parade starts.

In the days of old, many Hokos have Chigo but only Nginataboko has Chigo these days. Other Hokos have Chigo figurine instead.

This visit is called Okrai morai because the shrine give him the same ranking as the feudal road.

Kuze Komagata chigos pay a visit to Yasaka shrine. (久世駒形稚児社参) 13th July

久世駒形稚児社参

We have another Chigos. These boys called Kuze-Komagata chigo (久世駒形稚児). On the day of Mikoshi parade. They are treated as Kami himeself because they has Goshintai (An object which Kami descends to ) of Ayato Kuninaka shirine (綾戸國中神社).

 Kikusuiboko Chakai 菊水鉾茶会 13th~16th

菊水鉾茶会菊水鉾茶会皿

From 13th-16th, tea parties are held at Kikusuiboko Kaisyo. We can have a plate on which Wagashi is.

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